How do we connect personal devices for testing and reporting of both air quality and linked physiological data? Such a system would enable not only high-resolution mapping of pollutant concentrations, but also support research and reporting of individual physiological responses related to the pollutant.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S. Department of Health and Human Service (HHS) [National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC)] envision a future in which powerful, affordable, and portable sensors provide a rich awareness of environmental quality, moment-to-moment physiological changes, and long-term health outcomes. Health care will be connected to the whole environment, improving diagnosis, treatment, and prevention at all levels.
This challenge is open only to Solvers who are individuals, teams or businesses with their permanent residences or primary places of business in the United States. More details are included in the challenge description.
Phase 1 of this Challenge requires only a written proposal.
A method or technology is required that will enable sensitive, reproducible and rapid field-based monitoring of atmospheric benzene & 1,3 butadiene at low concentrations. These potent toxins needs to be detected in very low concentrations and the most sensitive methods of analysis currently require laborious sample collection and processing using laboratory-based instruments.
The Seeker requires protocols for efficient recovery of bacterial spores (Bacillus subtilis/Bacillus atrophaeus) from pre-wetted surface sampling tools with handle. Guidance and standardized protocols are provided within the detailed challenge description.
This is a Reduction-to-Practice Challenge that requires a written proposal and experimental proof-of-concept data.
A rapid analysis of crop fields is required to aid farmers to evaluate crop development and the effectiveness of their management practices. Making such methods of evaluation easier and more effective for growers will lead to more efficient use of fertilizers and other crop inputs.
This collaboration with Environmental Defense Fund and the Iowa Soybean Association seeks a win-win solution for farmers, the environment and farm profitability. Farmers could reduce their operating costs by using fertilizer more efficiently and increase yields while mitigating the serious problems associated with nitrogen pollution: coastal dead zones, impaired drinking water supplies, degraded fisheries and recreational areas, and risks to human health.
Environmental Defense Fund is seeking a solution to the problem of agricultural nitrate pollution. Concepts for systems to capture or concentrate nitrates from agricultural field drainage are required.
Currently between 50% and 80% of fertilizer applied to commercial crops in the U.S. is not absorbed by the plants and is instead lost to water and air, causing dangerous environmental and health impacts in a growing number of watersheds around the country.
This is an Ideation Challenge with a guaranteed award for at least one submitted solution.